Realty and personal property terms have often been confused as to what they exactly mean. Here we will clear that right up for you. We will look at the terms personal property, realty, land, real estate, and lastly real property.
Let’s begin with personal property. Personal property also known as chattel is everything that is not real property. Example couches, TVs things of this nature. Emblements pronounced (M-blee-ments) are things like crops, apples, oranges, and berries. Emblements are also personal property. So when you go to sell your house, flip, or wholesale deal, you sell or transfer ownership by a bill of sale with personal property.
Realty is the broad definition for land, real estate, and real property.
Land is everything mother nature gave to us like whats below the ground, above the ground and the airspace. Also called subsurface (underground), surface (the dirt) and airspace. So when you buy land that’s what you get, keep in mind our government owns a lot of our air space.
Real estate is defined as land plus its man made improvements added to it. You know things like fences, houses, and driveways. So when you buy real estate this is what you can expect to be getting.
Real property is land, real estate, and what’s call the bundle of rights. The bundle of rights consist of five rights, the right to possess, control, enjoy, exclude, and lastly dispose. So basically you can possess, take control, enjoy, exclude others, and then dispose of your real property as you wish as long as you do not break state and federal laws.
Lastly there are two other types of property we should mention.
Fixture is personal property which has been attached realty and by that now is considered real property. So you would ask yourself upon selling to determine value „did you attach it to make it permanent?“ The exceptions to this rule are the garage door opener and door key, these are not considered fixtures.
Trade fixtures are those fixtures installed by say a commercial tenant or can be the property of the commercial tenant.
I hope this clears up some misconceptions about personal property, realty, land and real estate and now fixtures and trade fixtures!